The Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey (WGNHS) was created by the Wisconsin Legislature in 1897. It is the descendant of earlier state surveys in Wisconsin, which date back to 1854.
WGNHS, part of the Division of Extension at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, is an interdisciplinary organization that conducts natural resources surveys and research to produce information used for decision-making, problem-solving, planning, management, development, and education. Survey is defined to include resource inventory as well as basic and applied research and analysis. WGNHS has no specific regulatory or enforcement responsibilities.
Understanding the earth • Charting its history • Sustaining its resources
We provide objective scientific information about the geology, water resources, and mineral resources of Wisconsin.
We collect, interpret, disseminate, and archive natural resource information.
We communicate the results of our activities through publications, technical talks, our website, social media, and responses to inquiries from the public.
These activities support informed decision making by government, industry, business, and individual residents of Wisconsin.